It is no longer news that the current Chief Justice of Nigeria (CJN), Justice Mahmud Mohammed is due to retire on November 10, after attaining the mandatory retirement age of 70. What is however of interest to many pundits is the plot by the power-that-be to truncate the age-long seniority rule in the judiciary.
Investigation by THISDAY revealed that some forces are plotting to alter the seniority rule that would probably see the second-in-command at the Supreme Court, Justice Walter Onnoghen, take over after Justice Mohammed retires from the bench on November 10. The forces trying to truncate the seniority rule at the apex court have argued that anybody appointed to be CJN must not necessarily be the most senior justice of the Supreme Court.
There are fears that if President Muhammadu Buhari bows to the pressures from some northern elite and their All Progressives Congress (APC) collaborators not to send Onnoghen’s name to the Senate for confirmation as CJN, the South will miss the golden opportunity to occupy the office. The last Southerner to be the CJN was Ayo Irikefe, who held the position between 1985 and 1987.
Justice Onnoghen was born on December 22, 1950 in Cross River State. He became a Justice of the Supreme Court in 2005 and if appointed, he will be the country’s CJN till 2020, when he would be 70 years old. The incumbent CJN hails from Taraba State while the next after Justice Onnoghen is Justice Tanko Mohammed from Bauchi State.
As CJN, the occupant of the office is also the Chairman of the Federal Judicial Service Commission (FJSC) as well as the Chairman of the National Judicial Council (NJC), the post power organ of the judiciary. Both commissions are involved in the process of promoting anybody to the position in the federal judiciary and that includes anybody, who has to become CJN.
Investigation revealed that if Justice Onnoghen is denied the position, the chances of having a southerner as CJN could be 15 to 20 years from now since most of the justices in the apex court would remain on the queue till they are 70.
Since Nigeria attained independence in 1960, headship of courts is usually based on seniority. From the high court to the Supreme Court, the tradition has not changed. Of course, the Supreme Court knows this. This is why each time state governors want to alter the seniority rule in their state, the apex court, through the CJN, would step in and resist.
The only instances where the CJNs were picked from outside the Supreme Court were on two occasions in the 1950s and 1960s when Justices Adetokunbo Ademola and Teslim Elias were appointed by the colonial and military governments, who did not have deep partisan political interests like what politicians have today.
Investigation by THISDAY showed that while the North is not favourably disposed to having a southern as CJN for a whopping five years, members of the ruling APC in the South in collaboration with their northern cohorts want Buhari to look beyond the Supreme Court in appointing the next CJN. The party also wants to have adequate control of the judiciary ahead of the 2019 elections and is working towards having trusted persons in the hierarchy of the courts.
The plot to stop Onnoghen started to gather momentum, when the APC expressed anger with the Supreme Court’s favourable verdict for the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in most South-south states. Sources said the party is still shocked that the Supreme Court decided against its governorship candidates in Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Taraba and Delta States.
Against this backdrop, there is a strong perception in the APC that the current crop of Supreme Court justices are pro-PDP and any attempt to make one of them the CJN would spell doom for the ruling party in future elections. They also alleged that the justices of the court are corrupt and needs to be headed by someone from outside, who is financially comfortable and is unable to be tempted by any inducement.
The idea to bring someone from outside the apex court was allegedly mooted by the incumbent CJN, who while speaking at the Commonwealth Chief Justices meeting in Wellington, New Zealand recently, said to the gathering: “My lords, the need for a change in the criteria for the appointment of Judicial Officers in Nigeria prompted me to direct the National Judicial Council (NJC) to implement the new revised NJC Guidelines and Procedural Rules for the Appointment of Judicial Officers of all Superior Courts of Record in Nigeria 2014.
“It was clear that the old Guidelines and Rules had become unworkable as it saw anachronisms such as the limitation that saw only Justices of the Court of Appeal, as of right, making it to the Supreme Court of Nigeria. Under the new, more rigorous and transparent rules, any qualified legal practitioner with the requisite intellect has the opportunity of making it to any Court in the land and even to the posts of Heads of Federal and States Superior Courts, including the Chief Justice of Nigeria.
“As chairman of the National Judicial Council, I have had to take up the responsibility of ensuring that the overall appointments procedure maintains the institutional integrity of the judicial appointment process while ensuring that only the most competent persons are elevated.”
Forces plotting to have a big say in the affairs of the court henceforth were said to have capitalised on the above submissions to justify the need to also jettison the seniority rule in the apex court.
First to publicly voice it out was a group, United Action for Change (UAC), led by Dr. Muiz Banire (SAN), who is also the National Legal Adviser of the APC. At a press conference in Lagos recently, it called on President Buhari to appoint Supreme Court Justices from outside, arguing that the constitution does not specify that such an appointment should be from within the court.
The group, which claims to be made up of lawyers and activists, at a roundtable with the theme: ‘Repositioning the Judiciary,’ to push the agenda, said the judiciary needs individuals with radical ideas to transform it.
The convener, Banire also condemned a situation where individuals, who had abandoned legal practice for many years, were appointed judges and magistrates. He said NJC ought to have an effective monitoring system by sending its observers and investigators to courts rather than always wait for petitions before taking action against erring judges.